Sometimes it's useful to be able to access your server using a different SSH port to the usual
22. There may be cases where your own outgoing port 22 is blocked due to a firewall that you cannot configure or due to other cases out of your control.
How to Change SSH Port
You can change port while your server boots by providing a small script, usually known as a "startup script" or "init script" via systemctl. This special script runs when your server is built for the first time and is useful for quickly configuring and bootstrapping a server.
SSH settings are usually stored in
/etc/ssh/sshd_config but this may change depending on the distribution you pick when selecting a server. This guide assumes you are using Ubuntu.
One simple way to change the port that ssh is listening to is to simply insert a new line into its configuration file.
echo "Port <your chosen port number>" >> /etc/ssh/sshd_config systemctl restart sshd
When creating a server, you can insert this bash script to change your SSH port. Pick a port that is open for you and isn't blocked by a firewall. Once the server has booted, you will be able to login to your server using the port you set.
To login to your server, you can use the
-p argument for
ssh to designate a port
ssh -p <port> [email protected]<your_server_ip>
You can then connect to your VPS via an SSH client like PuTTy, simply changing the "Port" field to the one you enabled.
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